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Ref ID: 28422
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Hsieh, Jaw-shu
Hsing, Yue-ie Caroline
Hsu, Tze-fu
Li, Paul Jen-kuei
Li, Kuang-ti
Tsang, Cheng-hwa
Title: Studies on ancient rice– where botanists, agronomists, archeologists, linguists, and ethnologists meet
Date: 2011
Source: Rice
DOI: 10.1007/s12284-011-9075-x
Abstract: Taiwan’s aboriginal peoples are thought to be related to ancestral Austronesian-speaking peoples. Currently, Taiwan has 14 officially acknowledged aboriginal tribes. The major crops currently farmed in aboriginal areas are rice (<i>Oryza sativa</i>) and foxtail millet (<i>Setaria italica</i>). Archeologists recently excavated the remains of several early cultures in Taiwan. The most plentiful plant remains were carbonated rice and foxtail millet grains. The earliest 14C date of these excavation sites is ∼5,000 bp. These settlements may be those of the earliest ancestral Austronesian speakers in Taiwan. Rice domestication is a complex story. In this study, we identified the functional nucleotide polymorphisms of 16 domestication-related genes using 60 landraces collected from aboriginal Taiwanese villages about 100 years ago. We also screened the phenotypes of these landraces. By integrating pheno- and genotypic data, together with data from archeologists and linguists, we may be able to better understand the history of rice cultivation in Taiwan and nearby areas.
Date Created: 2/1/2012
Volume: 4
Page Start: 178
Page End: 183