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Ref ID: 26763
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Yong Ge,
Houyuan Lu,
Zhang, Jianping
Can Wang,
Keyang He,
Xiujia Huan,
Title: Phytolith analysis for the identification of barnyard millet (<i>Echinochloa </i> sp.) and its implications
Date: 2018
Source: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
Abstract: Echinochloa was an important prehistoric food crop of early agriculture in Asia. Macro-remains can be used to identify Echinochloa. However, when few macro-remains are available, phytolith analysis can be performed. In this study, we examined the phytolith morphology of the glumes, lemmas, and paleas from the inflorescence bracts of nine Echinochloa species from different regions of China and obtained diagnostic, morphological, and morphometric characteristics for Echinochloa. Phytoliths in Echinochloa are different from those in most known crops except those in Setaria italica and Panicum miliaceum. We found the following two diagnostic features within an epidermal silica layer that can be used to distinguish Echinochloa sp. from S. italica and P. miliaceum: (1) the β-type undulated patterns with constricted top of the undulation amplitude and (2) the discriminant functions based on the morphometric data of the β-type undulated patterns, which suggested that 94.9 % of the cross-validated data were correctly classified into Echinochloa, S. italica, and P. miliaceum. Thus, we established the phytolith identification criteria for Echinochloa; this could have important implications in plant taxonomy, archaeobotany, and plant domestication.
Date Created: 4/30/2018
Volume: 10
Number: 1
Page Start: 61
Page End: 73