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Ref ID: 36755
Ref Type: Book Section in a Series
Authors: Nor Khairunnisa, Talib
Mokhtar, Saidan
Abdullah, Jeffrey
Title: Middle Pleistocene sites in Bukit Bunuh, Lenggong, Perak, Malaysia
Date: 2020
Source: EurASEAA14: papers from the Fourteenth International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists. Volume 2: material culture and heritage
Place of Publication: Oxford
Publisher: Archaeopress
Abstract: Bukit Bunuh is situated in Lenggong Perak, which is part of a meteorite crater formed around 1.83 million years ago. Based on excavation and survey in 2008-2010 at the west of Bukit Bunuh, a stone tool workshop was revealed which has marked a new era for Paleolithic study in Malaysia. Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating suggests this site was used around 270,000 and 490,000-550,000 years ago, with over one hundred thousand lithic artifacts found. The site appears to be in situ based on artifact associations, conjoining artifacts, and undisturbed stratigraphy. The raw material of the artifacts found is different from other open sites in Lenggong, as the impact of the meteorite resulted in the formation of a variety of raw materials, such as suevite, cherty metasediment, quartz and quartzite, which appear to have been quarried. Artifact association shows stone tool production through direct and indirect percussion, and edge trimming. Geomorphological and soil studies suggest the Paleolithic people of Bukit Bunuh had adapted to a lake environment.
Identifier: ISBN 9781789695946
Editors: Lewis, Helen
Volume: 2
Page Start: 96
Page End: 106
Series Editor: Lewis, Helen