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Ref ID: 29596
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Hung, H.-C
Iizuka, Y.
Bellwood, P.
Nguyen, K. D.
Bellina, B.
Silapanth, P.
Dizon, E.
Santiago, R.
Datan, I.
Manton, J.
Title: Ancient jades map 3000 years of prehistoric exchange in Southeast Asia
Date: 2007
Source: PNAS
Abstract: We have used electron probe microanalysis to examine Southeast Asian nephrite (jade) artifacts, many archaeologically excavated, dating from 3000 B.C. through the first millennium A.D. The research has revealed the existence of one of the most extensive sea-based trade networks of a single geological material in the prehistoric world. Green nephrite from a source in eastern Taiwan was used to make two very specific forms of ear pendant that were distributed, between 500 B.C. and 500 A.D., through the Philippines, East Malaysia, southern Vietnam, and peninsular Thailand, forming a 3,000-km-diameter halo around the southern and eastern coastlines of the South China Sea. Other Taiwan nephrite artifacts, especially beads and bracelets, were distributed earlier during Neolithic times throughout Taiwan and from Taiwan into the Philippines.
Date Created: 2/13/2008
Volume: 104
Number: 50
Page Start: 19745
Page End: 19750