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Ref ID: 28494
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Morwood, M. J,
Brown, P.
Sutikna, T.
Saptomo, E. Wahyu
Westaway, K. E.
Due, Rokus Awe
Robert, R. G.
Maeda, T.
Wasisto, S.
Djubiantono, T.
Title: Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
Date: 2005
Source: Nature
DOI: 10.1038/nature04022
Abstract: <i>Homo floresiensis</i> was recovered from Late Pleistocene deposits on the island of Flores in eastern Indonesia, but has the stature, limb proportions and endocranial volume of African Pliocene <i>Australopithecus</i>. The holotype of the species (LB1), excavated in 2003 from Liang Bua, consisted of a partial skeleton minus the arms. Here we describe additional <i>H. floresiensis</i> remains excavated from the cave in 2004. These include arm bones belonging to the holotype skeleton, a second adult mandible, and postcranial material from other individuals. We can now reconstruct the body proportions of <i>H. floresiensis</i> with some certainty. The finds further demonstrate that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95–74 to 12 thousand years ago. The excavation also yielded more evidence for the depositional history of the cave and for the behavioural capabilities of <i>H. floresiensis</i>, including the butchery of Stegodon and use of fire.
Date Created: 12/5/2011
Volume: 437
Number: 7061
Page Start: 1012
Page End: 1017