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Ref ID: 37226
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Freidline, Sarah E.
Westaway, Kira E.
Joannes-Boyau, Renaud
Duringer, Philippe
Ponche, Jean-Luc
Morley, Mike W.
Hernandez, Vito C.
McAllister-Hayward, Meghan S.
McColl, Hugh
Zanolli, Clément
Gunz, Philipp
Bergmann, Inga
Sichanthongtip, Phonephanh
Sihanam, Daovee
Boualaphane, Souliphane
Luangkhoth, Thonglith
Souksavatdy, Viengkeo
Dosseto, Anthony
Boesch, Quentin
Patole-Edoumba, Elise
Aubaile, Françoise
Crozier, Françoise
Suzzoni, Eric
Frangeul, Sébastien
Bourgon, Nicolas
Zachwieja, Alexandra
Dunn, Tyler E.
Bacon, Anne-Marie
Hublin, Jean-Jaques
Shackelford, Laura
Demeter, Fabrice
Title: Early presence of Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia by 86-68 kyr at Tam Pà Ling, Northern Laos
Date: 2023
Source: Nature Communications
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-38715-y
Abstract: The timing of the first arrival of Homo sapiens in East Asia from Africa and the degree to which they interbred with or replaced local archaic populations is controversial. Previous discoveries from Tam Pà Ling cave (Laos) identified H. sapiens in Southeast Asia by at least 46 kyr. We report on a recently discovered frontal bone (TPL 6) and tibial fragment (TPL 7) found in the deepest layers of TPL. Bayesian modeling of luminescence dating of sediments and U-series and combined U-series-ESR dating of mammalian teeth reveals a depositional sequence spanning ~86 kyr. TPL 6 confirms the presence of H. sapiens by 70 ± 3 kyr, and TPL 7 extends this range to 77 ± 9 kyr, supporting an early dispersal of H. sapiens into Southeast Asia. Geometric morphometric analyses of TPL 6 suggest descent from a gracile immigrant population rather than evolution from or admixture with local archaic populations.
Volume: 14: 3193
Page Start: 1
Page End: 21