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Ref ID: 36757
Ref Type: Book Section in a Series
Authors: Krais, Simone
Francken, Michael
Reinecke, Andreas
Title: Tooth blackening and betel nut chewing at the Early Iron Age sites of Gò Ô Chùa (Vietnam) and Prohear (Cambodia)
Date: 2020
Source: EurASEAA14: papers from the Fourteenth International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists. Volume 2: material culture and heritage
Place of Publication: Oxford
Publisher: Archaeopress
Abstract: Human teeth play a significant role in the reconstruction of biological life parameters. Dental modifications supply additional valuable insights into past human cultural behavior. At the Early Iron Age sites of Gò Ô Chùa (400-100 BC) and Prohear (main mortuary period 200 BC-AD 100), various patterns of intravitam dental staining have been found. Systematic visual analysis is presented here as a method for the thorough documentation and subsequent differentiation of specific staining patterns. Using evidence from ethnographical, historical and archaeological studies, the main pattern seen is interpreted as intentional tooth blackening. Since tooth blackening affects almost all adult individuals from Gò Ô Chùa, the custom was of high social relevance. Additionally, one individual shows staining interpreted as the unintentional result of betel nut chewing.
Identifier: ISBN 9781789695946
Editors: Lewis, Helen
Volume: 2
Page Start: 120
Page End: 132
Series Editor: Lewis, Helen