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Ref ID: 35123
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Rosin, M. P.
Title: The influence of pH on the convertogenic activity of plant phenolics
Date: 1984
Source: Mutation Research
Abstract: The genotoxicity of plant phenolics, including pyrogallol, gallic acid resorcinol and catechin, and a water extract and tannin fraction of betel nut (Areca catechu) was examined at pH levels ranging from 5 to 10. Strain D7 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was used since the cells can withstand a wide range of pH levels without any loss of viability. At alkaline pH ranges, the examined phenolics and betel nut extracts induced mitotic conversion, whereas they lacked this capacity at acid pH levels. This phenomenon may be due to the rapid autoxidation of phenolics under alkaline conditions, which leads to the generation of H2O2 and free radicals. The results indicate that plant phenolics may pose a genotoxic hazard during chewing of lime-containing betel quid and tobacco which causes the salivary pH to rise above 8. PMID- 6363914
Date Created: 6/28/2001
Volume: 135
Number: 2
Page Start: 109
Page End: 113