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Ref ID: 25469
Ref Type: Book Section in a Series
Authors: Yasuda, Yoshinori
Nasu, Hiroo
Fujiki, Toshiyuki
Yamada, Kazuyoshi
Kitagawa, Junko
Gotanda, Katsuya
Toyama, Shuichi
Okuno, Mitsuru
Mori, Yuichi
Title: Climate deterioration and Angkor's demise
Date: 2013
Source: Water civilization: from Yangtze to Khmer civilizations
Place of Publication: Tokyo
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Reconstruction of the paleoclimate based on analyses of annually laminated sediments in Japan and moat sediments from Angkor Thom in Cambodia indicates that there had been a period of drastic cooling during AD 1430-1500 accompanied by a weakening of monsoon activity. The annual mean temperatures show that—compared to the peak of medieval warm epoch around AD 1150—the mean temperature dropped bu nearly 5°C in AD 1430. The climate cooling brought about the weakening of the summer monsoon, which in turn would have resulted in the delayed arrival of the wet season. This might have had a catastrophic impact on rice cultivation in Cambodia leading to the decline of the Khmer civilization.
Date Created: 3/5/2014
Editors: Yasuda, Yoshinori
Series Editor: Nüsser, Marcus
South Asia Institute University of Heidelberg Germany
Series Title: Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research