Skip to main content
Ref ID: 25235
Ref Type: Book Section in a Series
Authors: Mithen, Steven
Title: Simulating Mammoth Hunting and Extinction: Implications for the Late Pleistocene of the Central Russian Plain
Date: 1993
Source: Hunting and Animal Exploitation in the Later Palaeolithic and Mesolithic of Eurasia
Publisher: American Anthropological Association
Abstract: Mammoths were an important resource for Upper Palaeolithic hunter‐gatherers. Their remains are frequently found in faunal assemblages, their bones were used for the construction of dwellings, and they figure significantly in Palaeolithic art. Mammoths became extinct in North America at ca. 11,000 BP, in Eurasia at ca. 12,000 BP, and in Siberia at ca. 10,000 BP, and there has been considerable debate as to whether human predation was a causal factor. The computer simulation model described in this paper explores the effect of different types of hunting strategies on mammoth populations in a range of different environmental situations. It demonstrates that mammoth populations are extremely sensitive to predation. The simulation results are discussed with reference to the settlements on the Central Russian Plain. The results agree with Soffer's suggestion that the majority of mammoth remains probably derive from collecting, rather than hunting.
Identifier: 0-913167-61-4
Date Created: 7/23/2019
Editors: Peterkin, Gail Larsen
Bricker, Harvey M
Mellars, Paul
Number: 4
Page Start: 163
Page End: 178
Series Editor: Clark, G. A.
Series Title: Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association