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Ref ID: 37028
Ref Type: Book Section
Authors: Higham, Charles F. W.
Title: The Neolithic of Mainland Southeast Asia
Date: 2022
Source: The Oxford Handbook of Early Southeast Asia
Place of Publication: New York
Publisher: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199355358.013.21
Abstract: The transition from hunting and gathering to settled agriculture took place over millennia in northern China, where millet was the mainstay, and the Yangtze River Valley, where rice dominated. Plant and animal domestication, known as the Neolithic Revolution, stimulated population growth and the expansion into territories occupied still by hunter-gatherers. By 2000 BC, early Neolithic groups were reaching Southeast Asia, and their settlements contrast sharply with those of their hunter-gatherer contemporaries. In some sites, there is growing evidence for integration between the two populations, while plant cultivation and the raising of domestic pigs, dogs, and cattle were combined with fishing, collecting, and hunting. The Neolithic was a seminal period in Southeast Asia, laying the foundations for profound social changes made possible through the wealth generated by agricultural surpluses.
Editors: Higham, C. F. W.
Kim, Nam C.
Page Start: 360
Page End: 375