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Ref ID: 28504
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Gathorne-Hardy, F. J.
Davies, R. G.
Eggleton P.
Jones, D. T.
Title: Quaternary rainforest refugia in south-east Asia: using termites (Isoptera) as indicators
Date: 2002
Source: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
DOI: 10.1046/j.1095-8312.2002.00031.x
Abstract: In south-east Asia, during Quaternary glaciations, increased seasonality and sea level decreases of ~120 m caused considerable fragmentation of the rainforest. It is believed that most of the region's core was covered with savannah vegetation, and rainforest was confined to a few refugia. We investigated the geographical extent of the savannah vegetation and the positions of the refugia, using a combination of palynonlogical, geological, fossil and termite data. Our results show that during the Last Glacial Maximum, most of Thailand, Peninsula Malaysia, western and southern Borneo, eastern and southern Sumatra, and Java were probably covered by savannah. Rainforest refugia were probably present in northern and eastern Borneo, northern and western Sumatra and the Mentawai islands. We also discuss a possible complete history of the region.
Date Created: 12/1/2011
Volume: 75
Number: 4
Page Start: 453
Page End: 466