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Ref ID: 26631
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Orr, Caley M.
Tocheri, Matthew W.
Burnett, Scott E.
Awe, Rokus Due
Saptomo, E. Wahyu
Sutikna, Thomas
Wasisto, Sri
Morwood, Michael J.
Jungers, William L.
Title: New wrist bones of <i>Homo floresiensis</i> from Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia)
Date: 2013
Source: Journal of Human Evolution
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.10.003
Abstract: The carpals from the <i>Homo floresiensis</i> type specimen (LB1) lack features that compose the shared, derived complex of the radial side of the wrist in Neandertals and modern humans. This paper comprises a description and three-dimensional morphometric analysis of new carpals from at least one other individual at Liang Bua attributed to <i>H. floresiensis:</i> a right capitate and two hamates. The new capitate is smaller than that of LB1 but is nearly identical in morphology. As with capitates from extant apes, species of <i>Australopithecus,</i> and LB1, the newly described capitate displays a deeply-excavated nonarticular area along its radial aspect, a scaphoid facet that extends into a J-hook articulation on the neck, and a more radially-oriented second metacarpal facet
it also lacks an enlarged palmarly-positioned trapezoid facet. Because there is no accommodation for the derived, palmarly blocky trapezoid that characterizes <i>Homo sapiens</i> and Neandertals, this individual most likely had a plesiomorphically wedge-shaped trapezoid (like LB1). Morphometric analyses confirm the close similarity of the new capitate and that of LB1, and are consistent with previous findings of an overall primitive articular geometry. In general, hamate morphology is more conserved across hominins, and the <i>H. floresiensis</i> specimens fall at the far edge of the range of variation for <i>H. sapiens</i> in a number of metrics. However, the hamate of <i>H. floresiensis</i> is exceptionally small and exhibits a relatively long, stout hamulus lacking the oval-shaped cross-section characteristic of human and Neandertal hamuli (variably present in australopiths). Documentation of a second individual with primitive carpal anatomy from Liang Bua, along with further analysis of trapezoid scaling relative to the capitate in LB1, refutes claims that the wrist of the type specimen represents a modern human with pathology. In total, the carpal anatomy of <i>H. floresiensis</i> supports the hypothesis that the lineage leading to the evolution of this species originated prior to the cladogenetic event that gave rise to modern humans and Neandertals.
Date Created: 5/8/2019
Volume: 64
Number: 2
Page Start: 109
Page End: 129