Culture represents the most important basis for the existence of nation and it plays an important role to build the nation. Every country has her own culture, and culture is life of the country. The movable and immovable cultural properties, traditions and customs, and the related cultural planning and management play not only important role in cultural heritage preservation but also reflect the civilization and development of nations. Myanmar is rich in cultural heritage. To study and explore the preservation of Myanmar culture and to carry out various cultural affairs, the Ministry of Culture was established in 1952, and it is responsible for promoting, preserving and planning the development of Myanmar culture. The Department of Archaeology and National Museum is under the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture, and responsible for the preservation and presentation of Myanmar cultural heritage and studying the culture and customs of nationalities. This paper attempts to meet the objectives of the 2nd SEAMEO SPAFA International Conference on Southeast Asian Archaeology, and to develop more cultural cooperation programmes.