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Ref ID: 18930
Ref Type: Book Section in a Series
Authors: Holl, Augustin F. C.
Title: Grass, Water, Salt, Copper, and Others: Pastoralists' Territorial Strategies in Central Sudan
Date: 2013
Source: Territoriality in Archaeology
Place of Publication: Malden, MA
Publisher: American Anthropological Association
Abstract: This chapter discusses the territorial tactics and settlement strategies devised by pastoral‐nomadic societies in two areas of the Central Sudan. The Eghazer basin (Niger) case study is entirely archaeological and considers processes that took place between 3000 and 800 B.C.E. The Houlouf region case study is ethnoarchaeological and looks at the site‐location strategies, patterns of settlements, and structures of Shuwa‐Arab villages and camps in the Sahelian margins of Northern Cameroon. I explore how these two pastoral‐nomadic societies colonized new territories and carved out new and original cultural landscapes, and then compare the two cases. With the ethnic mix of the Eghazer basin being unknown, bounded territories controlled by larger “tribal” units are a possibility. In the Houlouf region, Shuwa‐Arab pastoralists were initially constrained to a tributary relationship, a situation that changed radically during the past two decades with Shuwa‐Arab access to regional chieftainship. [territories, pastoralists, Central Sudan, Eghazer basin, Houlouf region]

Editors: James F. Osborne and Parker VanValkenburgh
Volume: 22
Page Start: 39
Page End: 53
Series Editor: Cathy Lynne Costin
Series Title: Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association