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Ref ID: 37009
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Demeter, Fabrice
Zanolli, Clément
Westaway, Kira E.
Joannes-Boyau, Renaud
Duringer, Philippe
Morley, Mike W.
Welker, Frido
Rüther, Patrick L.
Skinner, Matthew M.
McColl, Hugh
Gaunitz, Charleen
Vinner, Lasse
Dunn, Tyler E.
Olsen, Jesper V.
Sikora, Martin
Ponche, Jean-Luc
Suzzoni, Eric
Frangeul, Sébastien
Boesch, Quentin
Antoine, Pierre-Olivier
Pan, Lei
Xing, Song
Zhao, Jian-Xin
Bailey, Richard M.
Boualaphane, Souliphane
Sichanthongtip, Phonephanh
Sihanam, Daovee
Patole-Edoumba, Elise
Aubaile, Françoise
Crozier, Françoise
Bourgon, Nicolas
Zachwieja, Alexandra
Luangkhoth, Thonglith
Souksavatdy, Viengkeo
Sayavongkhamdy, Thongsa
Cappellini, Enrico
Bacon, Anne-Marie
Hublin, Jean-Jacques
Willerslev, Eske
Shackelford, Laura
Title: A Middle Pleistocene Denisovan molar from the Annamite Chain of northern Laos
Date: 2022
Source: Nature Communications
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-29923-z
Article Number 2557
Abstract: The Pleistocene presence of the genus Homo in continental Southeast Asia is primarily evidenced by a sparse stone tool record and rare human remains. Here we report a Middle Pleistocene hominin specimen from Laos, with the discovery of a molar from the Tam Ngu Hao 2 (Cobra Cave) limestone cave in the Annamite Mountains. The age of the fossil-bearing breccia ranges between 164–131 kyr, based on the Bayesian modelling of luminescence dating of the sedimentary matrix from which it was recovered, U-series dating of an overlying flowstone, and U-series–ESR dating of associated faunal teeth. Analyses of the internal structure of the molar in tandem with palaeoproteomic analyses of the enamel indicate that the tooth derives from a young, likely female, Homo individual. The close morphological affinities with the Xiahe specimen from China indicate that they belong to the same taxon and that Tam Ngu Hao 2 most likely represents a Denisovan.
Date Available: 5/17/2022
Volume: 13
Page Start: 1
Page End: 17