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Ref ID: 36871
Ref Type: Book Section
Authors: Bellwood, Peter
Title: Homo erectus  and  Homo floresiensis: archaic hominins in island Southeast Asia
Date: 2017
Source: First islanders: prehistory and human migration in island Southeast Asia
Place of Publication: Oxford
Publisher: Wiley Blackwell
DOI: 10.1002/9781119251583.ch3
Abstract: This chapter reviews the environmental and cultural correlations for the two archaic hominin species in Indonesia: Homo erectus and Homo floresiensis. From an archaeological perspective, it is clearer now than in the mid‐1990s that these archaic Southeast Asian hominins made and used tools of stone, bone, and shell, and butchered animals. The chapter discusses the lithic industries that could, with some fertile imagination at that time, be associated with Homo erectus in various regions of Island Southeast Asia, comparing them with the undoubted handiwork of this species in China. It also discusses these industries in terms of two technological categories: the so‐called 'chopper/chopping‐tool industries' characterized by the Javan Pacitanian industry and reputed to be the handiwork of Homo erectus, and the so‐called 'pebble and flake industries' deemed more characteristic of early Homo sapiens.
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Page End: 85