Skip to main content
Ref ID: 36763
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Guedes, Jade d'Alpoim
Hanson, Sydney
Lertcharnrit, Thanik
Weiss, Andrew D.
Pigott, Vincent C.
Higham, Charles F. W.
Higham, Thomas F. G.
Weber, Steven A.
Title: Three thousand years of farming strategies in central Thailand
Date: 2020
Source: Antiquity
Abstract: In prehistoric coastal and western-central Thailand, rice was the dominant cultivar. In eastern-central Thailand, however, the first known farmers cultivated millet. Using one of the largest collections of archaeobotanical material in Southeast Asia, this article examines how cropping systems were adapted as domesticates were introduced into eastern-central Thailand. The authors argue that millet reached the region first, to be progressively replaced by rice, possibly due to climatic pressures. But despite the increasing importance of rice, dryland, rain-fed cultivation persisted throughout ancient central Thailand, a result that contributes to refining understanding of the development of farming in Southeast Asia.
Volume: 94
Number: 376
Page Start: 966
Page End: 982