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Ref ID: 32481
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Anshari, Gusti
Kershaw, A. Peter
van der Kaars, Sander
Title: A late Pleistocene and Holocene pollen and charcoal record from peat swamp forest, Lake Sentarum Wildlife Reserve, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Date: 2001
Source: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Abstract: A preliminary palynological record is presented from a peat swamp forest in the Upper Kapuas River Basin in West Kalimantan. Although the record is discontinuous, it provides a picture of changing vegetation, riverine and swamp environments, and climate through parts of at least the last 30,000 years. During the Late Pleistocene, the composition of both riverine and swamp forests was different to that of the Holocene. Temperatures were cooler, especially during the Last Glacial Maximum, as indicated by the presence of components of submontane and montane vegetation. The presence of charcoal demonstrates that the tropical lowland forests experienced fire through the whole of the recorded period. However, charcoal values generally rise through the period suggesting increased human impact through time. Highest burning levels and forest indicators of disturbance indicate most intensive human impact within the last 1400 years.
Date Created: 5/26/2003
Volume: 171
Page Start: 213
Page End: 228