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Ref ID: 27038
Ref Type: Journal Article
Authors: Mörseburg, Alexander
Pagani, Luca
Ricaut, Francois-Xavier
Yngvadottir, Bryndis
Harney, Eadaoin
Castillo, Cristina
Hoogervorst, Tom
Antao, Tiago
Kusuma, Pradiptajati
Brucato, Nicolas
Cardona, Alexia
Pierron, Denis
Letellier, Thierry
Title: Multi-layered population structure in Island Southeast Asians
Date: 2016
Source: European Journal of Human Genetics
Abstract: The history of human settlement in Southeast Asia has been complex and involved several distinct dispersal events. Here, we report the analyses of 1825 individuals from Southeast Asia including new genome-wide genotype data for 146 individuals from three Mainland Southeast Asian (Burmese, Malay and Vietnamese) and four Island Southeast Asian (Dusun, Filipino, Kankanaey and Murut) populations. While confirming the presence of previously recognised major ancestry components in the Southeast Asian population structure, we highlight the Kankanaey Igorots from the highlands of the Philippine Mountain Province as likely the closest living representatives of the source population that may have given rise to the Austronesian expansion. This conclusion rests on independent evidence from various analyses of autosomal data and uniparental markers. Given the extensive presence of trade goods, cultural and linguistic evidence of Indian influence in Southeast Asia starting from 2.5 kya, we also detect traces of a South Asian signature in different populations in the region dating to the last couple of thousand years.
Date Created: 9/19/2017
Volume: 24
Page Start: 1605
Page End: 1611