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Ref ID: 22336
Ref Type: Book Section
Authors: Ea, Darith
Chhay, Visoth
Chap Sopheara,
Lam Sopheak,
Loeung Ravatey,
Sok Keo Sovannara,
Em Socheata,
Title: New data on Khmer kiln sites
Date: 2008
Source: Interpreting Southeast Asia’s past: monument, image and text
Place of Publication: Singapore
Publisher: NUS Press
Abstract: During the Angkor period (ninth to thirteenth centuries), many monuments and bārāy, as well as city infrastructure, were constructed in the Angkor region. While a number of ceramic kiln sites have been found throughout Cambodia and northeast Thailand, the study of ancient ceramic kilns in Cambodia has not progressed as much as the study of Khmer kilns in northeast Thailand. Recently, seven groups of kilns were identified in the Angkor area of Siem Reap (between Phnom Kulen and Roluos), four groups of kilns identified in Banteay Meanchey Province, and one group in Kandal province. Based on the surface collection of shards from these groups of kiln, we know that those in the Angkor area produced mainly ash-glazed wares and unglazed wares, and that the shapes are limited. In contrast, the groups of kilns at Banteay Meanchey Province produced a large number of brown-glazed wares in a variety of shapes. The shards from kilns in Kandal Province seem to continue shapes and brown-glazed wares from the Angkor area and Banteay Meanchey Province, but with slight variations. At the height of the Khmer civilization, from the ninth to fifteenth centuries, the kingdom was centered in the Angkor area, and its boundaries extended to the present-day borders of Thailand and Burma and north to Vientiane in Laos. Numerous small and large monuments, water reservoirs, roads, and bridges were constructed. Alongside this infrastructure were craft industries as indicated by the metal objects and ceramics found at Angkor. Even though a French researcher (Aymonier 1901:414-5) identified kiln sites on the plateau of Phnom Kulen more than a century ago, research on these industries has only recently begun as previous researchers concentrated on other topics, such as monuments and related art, water reservoirs, and historical events. The first scholarly publication focused solely on Khmer ceramics was published in conjunction with the exhibition of Khmer ceramics organized by the Southeast Asian Ceramic Society in Singapore in 1981 (Groslier 1981). Following the discovery of kilns in the Angkor area in 1995, the study of Khmer ceramics on the basis of kiln sites located in Cambodia was initiated through a joint research project between the APSARA (Authority for Protection and Management of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap), the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Nara (NRICPN)
and Sophia University Angkor International Mission (Aoyagi et al. 1998-2001
Ea Darith 2000
National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Nara 2001). This paper will introduce the known kiln sites and then discuss the types of wares identified at the sites.
Date Created: 1/30/2017
Editors: Bacus, Elisabeth A.
Glover, Ian C.
Sharrock, Peter D.
Volume: 2
Page Start: 275
Page End: 285